West Virginia Northern Community College

Programs of Study

NURS 134 -Introduction to Nursing Concepts

West Virginia Northern Community College
Master Course Guide

Course Number: NURS 134

Course Title: Introduction to Nursing Concepts


Course Description: This foundational course is designed to introduce concepts to the beginning nursing student that will focus on maintaining health and promoting wellness throughout the lifespan. Concepts and core values basic to the foundation of nursing practice are presented. Classroom and laboratory experiences provide opportunity for understanding of the nursing process, clinical judgment and decision making.


Prerequisites: Admission to the Nursing Program

Prerequisites/Corequisites: BIO 114 A&P 1, PSYCH 105

Corequisites: NURS132 Drug Dosage and Calculation I; NURS133 Health Assessment and Diagnostics I

Credit Hours: 8 Lecture: 5 Lab: 9

Expanded Description / Course Focus: This is a 14-hour per week course combining the introduction of nursing concepts with a lab/clinical experience. Students utilize the nursing process to care for clients responding to physiological and pathophysiological alterations, together with health promotion across the lifespan. Selected clinical experiences are scheduled on Medical Surgical clinical units in the acute care facilities, and appropriate community experiences are also scheduled. Students’ clinical practice is under the direct supervision of WVNCC nursing faculty. Clinical times may vary according to clinical units’ availability.

 


Text Information Available in Bookstore

Required Equipment for Course Black Pen
Tablet Watch with second hand
E-Book Uniform
Stethoscope Nursing Student ID
Sphygmomanometer Other as designated  
Course Student Learning Outcomes: The following list of student learning outcomes will be achieved at the successful completion of the course.

Human Flourishing: Advocate for patients and families in ways that promote their self-determination, integrity, and ongoing growth as human beings. (Diversity, holism, patient-centeredness, caring)
1. Recognize patient centered care that is respectful of and receptive to individual patient preferences, needs, and values.
2. Recognize knowledge from other scientific and humanistic disciplines as it relates to the profession of nursing and the care of diverse individuals throughout the lifespan
3. Understand key nursing concepts introduced related to the care of diverse individuals throughout the lifespan with a focus on health, wellness, and simple deviations
Nursing Judgment: Make judgments in practice, substantiated with evidence, that integrate nursing science in the provision of safe, quality care and that promote the health of patients within a family and community context. (Patient-centeredness, holism)
4. Recognize with assistance the use of the nursing process and the holistic model in the assessment, analysis, planning, implementation, and evaluation of nursing care for clients.
5. Identify principles of therapeutic communication
Professional Identity: Implement one’s role as a nurse in ways that reflect integrity, responsibility, ethical practices, and an evolving identity as a nurse committed to evidence-based practice, caring, advocacy, and safe, quality care for diverse patients within a family and community context. (Ethics, Caring, Integrity, Patient-centeredness, excellence)
6. Identify foundational principles of professional nursing practice to provide safe, ethical, culturally competent care to individuals across the lifespan
7. Identify technology and information systems used to provide safe, effective care maintaining confidentiality
Spirit of Inquiry: Examine the evidence that underlies clinical nursing practice to challenge the status quo, question underlying assumptions, and offer new insights to improve the quality of care for patients, families, and communities. (Excellence)
8. Explain the use of evidence based research for best practices
9. Recognize the importance of continued learning to maintain clinical excellence in the profession of nursing

Student Learning Outcomes: The following list of student learning performance objectives will be addressed in the course.

Patient Profile Concepts-- Concepts that help us understand the individuals for whom we care
Attributes and Resources
1. Development
a. Define and describe the concept of development.
b. Notice common risk factors for developmental delay.
c. Recognize attainment of developmental milestones and recognize developmental delay.
d. Recognition of development as a concept used to represent and organize many categories of information
e. Systematic observation about events or conditions that influence development
*Exemplars: Normal growth and development across the lifespan
2. Functional Ability
a. Define and describe the concept of functional ability.
b. Notice situations and factors that increase the risk for functional impairment.
c. Recognize when functional impairment exists.
d. Provide appropriate interventions to optimize functional ability and minimize complications
*Exemplars: Care giver skill development
3. Family Dynamics
a. Define and describe the concept of family dynamics.
b. Recognize risk factors for negative family dynamics.
c. Provide interventions to promote positive family dynamics.
d. Recognition of family dynamics as a concept used to represent and organize many categories of information
*Exemplars: Family structure and roles; family dynamics
Personal Preferences
4. Culture
a. Define and describe the concept of culture.
b. Recognize factors that influence culture.
c. Apply the concept of culture in the context of nursing and health care.
d. Apply the concept of culture to clinical situations.
*Exemplars: Cultural diversity/sensitivity; acculturation; health values and beliefs, spiritual health
5. Motivation
a. Define and describe the concept of motivation.
b. Recognize variations in motivation.
c. Apply appropriate interventions to optimize motivation.
*Exemplars: Impact on choices; health promotion; individual life experiences
6. Adherence
a. Define and describe the concept of adherence.
b. Recognize levels of adherence, partial adherence, and non-adherence.
c. Identify situations or factors that affect adherence.
*Exemplars: Compliance
Health and Illness Concepts-- Concepts that help us make sense of the multiple health conditions experienced by our patients across the lifespan
Homeostasis
7. Fluid and Electrolyte Balance
a. Define and describe the concept of fluid and electrolyte balance.
b. Discuss risk factors for impaired fluid and electrolyte balance.
c. Recognize the causes of fluid and electrolyte imbalance.
d. Provide appropriate nursing and collaborative interventions to promote fluid and electrolyte balance.
e. Recognition of fluid and electrolyte balance as a concept used to represent and organize many categories of information
f. Systematic observation about events or conditions that influence fluid and electrolyte balance
g. Recognition of exemplars as sources of content knowledge related to fluid and electrolyte balance
*Exemplars: Assessment of fluid balance; fluid balance and homeostasis
8. Thermoregulation
a. Define and describe the concept of thermoregulation.
b. Notice risk factors that place individuals at risk for thermoregulation problems.
c. Recognize when an individual has problems with thermoregulation.
d. Provide appropriate nursing interventions to optimize thermoregulation
e. Systematic observation about events or conditions that influence thermoregulation
f. Recognition of exemplars as sources of content knowledge related to thermoregulation
*Exemplars: Temperature Regulation
9. Nutrition
a. Define and describe the concept of nutrition.
b. Notice risk factors that place individuals at risk for nutrition problems.
c. Recognize when an individual is experiencing inadequate nutrition.
d. Provide appropriate nursing interventions to optimize nutrition.
e. Recognition of nutrition as a concept used to represent and organize many categories of information
f. Systematic observation about events or conditions that influence nutrition
g. Recognition of exemplars as sources of content knowledge related to nutrition
*Exemplars: Principles of nutrition
10. Elimination
a. Define and describe the concept of elimination as it applies to nursing practice.
b. Notice risk factors that place individuals at risk for elimination problems.
c. Recognize when an individual has problems with elimination.
d. Provide appropriate nursing interventions to optimize elimination.
e. Recognition of elimination as a concept used to represent and organize many categories of information
f. Systematic observation about events or conditions that influence elimination
g. Recognition of exemplars as sources of content knowledge related to elimination
*Exemplars: Bladder incontinence and retention; bowel incontinence and retention

Oxygenation and Homeostasis
11. Perfusion
a. Define and describe the concept of perfusion.
b. Notice risk factors for impaired perfusion.
c. Recognize when an individual has compromised perfusion.
d. Provide appropriate nursing interventions to optimize perfusion
e. Recognition of perfusion as a concept used to represent and organize many categories of information
f. Systematic observation about events or conditions that influence perfusion
g. Recognition of exemplars as sources of content knowledge related to perfusion
*Exemplars: Optimal perfusion; risk factors
12. Gas Exchange
a. Define and describe the concept of gas exchange.
b. Notice risk factors for impaired gas exchange.
c. Recognize when an individual has compromised gas exchange.
d. Provide appropriate nursing interventions for optimizing gas exchange
e. Recognition of gas exchange as a concept used to represent and organize many categories of information
f. Systematic observation about events or conditions that influence gas exchange
g. Recognition of exemplars as sources of content knowledge related to gas exchange
*Exemplars: Ventilation; transport; perfusion; risk factors
Sexuality and Reproduction
13. Sexuality
a. Define and describe the concept of sexuality as it applies to nursing practice.
b. Notice risk factors that place individuals at risk for sexuality problems.
c. Recognize when an individual has problems with sexuality.
*Exemplars: Sexual development/maturation
Protection and Movement
14. Immunity
a. Define and describe the concept of immunity.
b. Notice risk factors for altered immune functioning.
c. Recognize when an individual has altered immune functioning.
d. Provide appropriate nursing interventions to optimize the immune response and to minimize the complications of an altered immune response.
*Exemplars: Immune response
15. Inflammation
a. Define and describe the concept of inflammation as it applies to nursing practice.
b. Notice risk factors for inflammation.
c. Recognize when an individual has problems with inflammation.
d. Provide appropriate nursing interventions to eliminate inflammation.
*Exemplars: Inflammatory process and response
16. Infection
a. Define and describe the concept of infection as it applies to nursing practice.
b. Notice risk factors that place individuals at risk for infection.
c. Recognize when an individual has an infection.
d. Provide appropriate nursing interventions to prevent or control infection.
*Exemplars: Infectious process; nosocomial infection; surgical wounds; pressure ulcers; transmission based precautions
17. Mobility
a. Define and describe the concept of mobility.
b. Notice risk factors for impaired mobility.
c. Recognize when an individual has compromised mobility.
d. Provide appropriate nursing interventions to optimize mobility and minimize complications of immobility.
*Exemplars: Physiology of mobility; risk factors; immobility
18. Tissue Integrity
a. Define and describe the concept of tissue integrity.
b. Notice the risk factors for impaired tissue integrity.
c. Recognize when an individual has impaired tissue integrity.
d. Provide appropriate nursing interventions to promote optimal tissue integrity.
*Exemplars: Wound healing; surgical incision
19. Sensory Perception
a. Define and describe the concept of sensory perception.
b. Notice risk factors for impaired sensory perception.
c. Recognize when an individual has impaired sensory perception.
d. Provide appropriate nursing interventions to optimize sensory perception.
*Exemplars: Hearing impairment; visual impairment
20. Pain and Comfort
a. Define and describe the concepts of pain and comfort.
b. Notice risk factors for experiencing pain.
c. Recognize when an individual has pain.
d. Provide appropriate nursing interventions to effectively manage pain.
*Exemplars: Pain assessment; sleep/rest
Coping and Stress Tolerance
21. Stress
a. Define and describe the concept of stress as it applies to nursing practice.
b. Notice risk factors that place individuals at risk for problems related to stress.
c. Recognize when an individual has problems with stress.
d. Provide appropriate nursing interventions to manage stress.
*Exemplars: Stress response
22. Coping
a. Define and describe the concept of coping.
b. Notice risk factors for altered coping responses.
c. Recognize when an individual has maladaptive coping.
d. Provide appropriate nursing interventions to optimize the coping response
*Exemplars: Defense mechanisms; assessment of coping strategies
Cognitive Function
23. Cognition
a. Define and describe the concept of cognition.
b. Notice risk factors for cognitive impairment.
c. Recognize when an individual has cognitive impairment.
d. Provide appropriate nursing interventions to minimize the impact of cognitive impairment.
*Exemplars: Confusion; reality orientation

Professional Nursing and Health Care Concepts-- Concepts that guide our professional practice in the context of health care
Attributes and Roles of Nurses
24. Professionalism
a. Define and describe the concept of professionalism.
b. Recognize attributes of professionalism in the nursing profession.
c. Identify ways that professionalism affects health care.
*Exemplars: Professional behaviors; professional standards; RN scope of practice; work ethics; communication; accountability; advocacy
25. Clinical Judgment
a. Define and describe the concept of clinical judgment.
b. Discuss the attributes of clinical judgment.
c. Identify the ways that nurses make judgments.
*Exemplars: Nursing process; evidence-based practice; critical thinking
26. Ethics
a. Define and describe the concept of ethics.
b. Discuss ethical principles and theories.
c. Identify ways that ethical issues impact nursing and health care
*Exemplars: ANA code of ethics; ethical principles; patients’ rights; informed consent; advanced directives; confidentiality; accountability
27. Patient Education
a. Define and describe the concept of patient education.
b. Make links between the concept and theory.
c. Know when and how to apply the concept to the context of nursing and health care.
*Exemplars: Assessment of learning styles; patient education
28. Health Promotion
a. Define and describe the concept of health promotion.
b. Identify links between the concept and the theory.
c. Know when and how to apply the concept of Health Promotion to the context of nursing and health care
*Exemplars: Primary prevention throughout the lifespan; exercise; lifestyle choices; health beliefs
Care Competencies
29. Communication
a. Define and describe the concept communication.
b. Describe the scope and categories of communication.
c. Identify attributes of communication.
d. Apply effective communication skills in the context of nursing practice
*Exemplars: Therapeutic communication; effective listening; SBAR; documentation; reporting

30. Collaboration
a. Define and describe the concept of collaboration.
b. Recognize attributes of collaboration in the nursing profession.
c. Identify ways that collaboration impacts health care.
*Exemplars: Chain of command; interdisciplinary team; collaboration in group work
31. Safety
a. Define and describe the concept of safety.
b. Discuss the underlying theory of safety.
c. Identify safety in the nursing and health care practice.
*Exemplars: Environmental safety; illness/injury prevention; national patient safety goals; hands-off communication; standard precautions; seizure precautions
32. Technology and Informatics
a. Define and describe the concepts of technology and informatics.
b. Recognize the categories of technology and informatics.
c. Identify ways that technology and informatics impact health care.
*Exemplars: Electronic health records; security/confidentiality; HIPPA; social media
33. Evidence
a. Define and describe the concept of evidence.
b. Recognize quality evidence.
c. Discuss the application of evidence in nursing practice.
*Exemplars: Evidence-based practice; patient care guidelines
34. Health Care Quality
a. Define and describe the concept of health care quality.
b. Discuss the underlying theory of quality.
c. Identify the context of health care quality in nursing and health care practice.
*Exemplars: The Joint Commission; EHR; sentinel reporting
35. Palliation
a. Define and describe the concept of palliation.
b. Identify how palliation is integrated in the management of chronic diseases.
c. Discuss the application of palliation in nursing practice.
*Exemplars: End-of life care
Health Care Infrastructures
36. Health Policy
a. Define and describe the concept of health policy.
b. Identify the process of health policy development.
c. Discuss the application of health policy in nursing practice.
*Exemplars: Scope of practice; HIPPA; Healthy People 2012; OSHA
37. Health Care Law
a. Define and describe the concept of health care law.
b. Explore theoretical perspectives of health care law.
c. Discuss the application of health care law to nursing and health care.
*Exemplars: HIPPA; scope of practice; licensure; nurse practice acts; professional conduct; advance directives
 

Awards and Accreditations